USDA'S Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade. U.S. Foreign Service officers working at posts overseas collect and submit information on the agricultural situation in more than 130 countries to USDA's Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which maintains the GAIN reports.
Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) data in GAIN reports are NOT official USDA data, but represent estimates made by FAS Attachés. Official USDA PSD data are determined after analyzing all overseas reports and drawing on additional sources, including more than 1,500 documents received from private and public sources around the world, global weather information, and satellite imagery analysis. After this analysis, official USDA data are released in USDA's World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates monthly report and in FAS' World Production, Market, and Trade reports.
Thisreport attempts to capture the key Chinese food standards and provisionsthat relate to imported products destined for the Chinese market. It alsonotes changes or modifications to existing standards. However, given China’scurrent dynamic food regulatory environment, it is highly recommended thatU.S. exporters verify the full set of imported requirements with theirforeign customers prior to shipping goods to this market.
Thisreport lists major export certificates required by the Chinese governmentfor imports of food and agricultural products. Major changes in 2016include China’s implementation of new registration requirements on grainsand oilseeds (AQSIQ Decree 177) and live seafood (AQSIQ Decree 183). Chinaalso introduced registration requirements for infant formula recipes (CFDADecree 26), health foods (CFDA Decree 22), and foods for special medicalpurposes (CFDA Decree 24). In addition, in 2016, China granted marketaccess for California strawberries and U.S. sugar beet pulp.
China’s economic growth has slowed in recentyears, and this slowing expansion has taken a toll on many industries,including the food processing/manufacturing sector. This sector experiencedoverall revenue growth of only four percent in 2015 (compared to eightpercent in 2014). Despite slowing revenue growth and consolidation, anumber of national trends will support the China food processing sector aswhole, including the continued rise of disposable incomes, urbanization,and growing consumer demand for safe, convenient, high-quality processedfood options. As a result, imported food ingredients are increasingly indemand by domestic processors, including U.S. ingredients.
This report is meant to provide practicaltips to U.S. agricultural, forest and fishery companies on how to conductbusiness in China. The report includes local business practices and ageneral review of consumer preferences, food standards and regulations, andimport and inspection procedures. The report also provides best prospects,with a focus on high-value, consumer-oriented goods.
China’s retail sector offers greatopportunity for U.S. food and food product exporters. However, thereremains to be many challenges in reaching and selling U.S. food products inthe retail sector. Demand for imported food and beverage is expected toremain resilient. Consumers in China perceive imported products to be safeand of high quality. The major drivers of China’s retail growth includerapid urbanization and an increase in the number of middle class consumers.China’s consumers expect their food purchases to be easy and convenient. Asa result, electronic commerce (e-Commerce) has become an important tool forbusinesses in the retail sector to use and to adapt to in order to reachtheir customers.
China’s economy slowdown has shown its negative impact on the expansion of food service industry. Food safety scandals continued to be exposed, in return, the scared consumers reduced their dining-out frequency. In addition, the government policy of reducing public funds on lavish expenditures deeply impacted high-end hotels and restaurants. The industry had adopted various strategies to overcome the difficulties. While first-tier cities remain the strongest centers of consumption and spending in the Hotel, Restaurant and Institutional Sector, the industry will continue to grow substantially in Emerging City Markets.
Corn future and spot priceshave dropped to their lowest levels in six years. The government hasfacilitated the liquidation of temporary reserve stocks with variousproducer support and processor support programs. This new trend is going tochange the dynamic of China’s feed markets. Since late September 2016, milling-gradewheat prices have surged 10 to 12 percent in middle and southern China. MY2016/17 China wheat production is forecast to fall about 1.34 million tons,or 1.03 percent, on lower yields. Exuberant State Grain Administrationmarket interventions have contributed to greater scarcity in the market formilling-quality wheat. Milling grade wheat prices have exceeded the RMB2,500 per ton ($9.98 per bushel) offering a valuable arbitrage opportunityfor global wheat exporters.
Chinacontinues to be the largest oilseed importer in the world. In MY15/16,China’s total oilseed imports reached 87.93 million tons (MMT). Chinesetotal soybean imports hit another record at 83.23 MMT, absorbing 61 percentof total world exports, and 59 percent of total U.S. soybean exports. Postestimates this growing trend in soybean imports will continue and reach 86MMT in MY16/17, and 89 MMT in MY17/18. Favorable import prices led torecord peanuts imports in MY15/16 but are expected to level off. Risingincomes, urbanization and the modernization of the domestic feed andlivestock sectors will continue fostering Chinese oilseed consumption. Arecent change in government policy has encouraged farmers to plant moreoilseeds instead of corn. However, growth in China’s oilseed productionremains constrained by limited arable land and stagnant yields. Thus, China’soilseed production is forecast to rise modestly to 56.25 MMT in MY17/18. Inaddition, during MY15/16, China imposed registration requirements for grainand oilseed exporters (known as AQSIQ Decree 177). Major exporters continuetheir efforts to comply with new requirements.
Implementation of strictenvironmental regulations will further constrain China’s sow herd recoveryin 2017. Post is decreasing its 2017 starting sow estimate by 12 percent to38 million head. This reduction will impact the 2017 pig crop, decreasingdomestic pork production to 51 million metric tons (MMT). Even at theircurrent record levels, increased imports will only partially offset thisproduction decrease, causing domestic pork prices to continue to rise andleading to a 2.6 MMT drop in overall pork consumption to 52 MMT. But as pork consumption declines, Chineseconsumers are expected to consume more beef. Due to stable cattle prices,China’s cattle industry will increase inventory in 2017 to meet risingdomestic consumption. However, the gap between domestic production anddemand continues to grow, pushing beef imports to a record of nearly 1million MT.
In 2017, all facets of Chinesepoultry will likely be affected by China’s response to continued AvianInfluenza (AI) detections, both within China and overseas. In terms of production,despite the continued modernization of China’s production industry, thesepotential gains have been offset by China’s AI bans against key suppliersof grandparent stock (e.g., the United States and France). These bans havecaused significant disruptions in domestic white-feathered poultryproduction that will likely continue to constrain production throughout2017. In addition, outbreaks of AI in China among the human population havebeen linked to traditional live poultry markets, the most popular outletfor Chinese yellow-feathered poultry, leading to a number of bans on livepoultry markets and lessening yellow-bird demand. Finally, because of theAI ban against the United States and many European broiler meat exports,poultry imports from a few South American countries and Poland haveskyrocketed.
OnFebruary 21, China’s State Council issued the 13th Five-Year Plan on FoodSafety. The Plan provides a review the status of China’s food safety duringthe 12th Five-year Plan Period (2011-2015). It alsolays out four key objectives, including aligning Chinese standards withinternational standards. Regarding the oversight of food import andexports, the Plan pledges to launch a food safety risk alert system and afood importer/exporter reputation recording mechanism. This report containsa summary of the Plan’s most salient points and a link to the full text.
The United States is the largest supplier ofagricultural product imports to South China…. Upcoming opportunities forU.S. exporters to meet with South China livestock companies as well asretail food importers…ATO Guangzhou organizes a wood industry event, leadsan e-commerce buyers mission to the United States, as well as carries out anumber of other promotional activities.
SouthChina e-commerce sales continue to soar…. Upcoming opportunities for U.S.exporters to meet with South China e-commerce companies, as well as freshfruit, alcoholic beverage, and wood importers…U.S. wheat exports to Chinaon the rise…ATO Guangzhou participates in Alaska Seafood promotion, as wellas meets with key buyers of U.S. hardwood, cotton, and hides & skins.